You know that feeling. Sudden flashing lights on your car’s rearview and side mirrors, possibly caused by an intermittent siren just to make sure you’re paying attention.

You pull over to the side of the road and think of various situations when a police officer approaches your car. “Am I speeding?” “Did I miss the stop sign?” “How much will this cost me?”

Of course, the prudent course of action here is to stay calm and sit in the car, with your hands on the wheel, as the officer describes any traffic rules you may have broken. If you are stopped for speeding, at least for some nominal miles per hour above the legal limit, an annual survey of driving habits suggests that you should try to tell your story.

I follow the law in my own way when I violate it. This year’s survey found motorists have an almost 50/50 chance of avoiding a speeding fine by simply giving the police a credible explanation for speeding, which is very high. . . double the success rate reported a year ago.

When a given reason fails, a waived request with a warning can often succeed. If neither the reason nor the warning request works, the driver can always argue about it. traffic violation.

Especially if it is a relatively minor offense, the judge may dismiss the case if the defendant has a clear background or order the person to take a traffic law refresher course.

There are certain defenses that can keep you from paying a speeding fine: The details in the Notice of Intent to Prosecution are incorrect. You were not driving when the fine was issued.

There are no speed limit signs. The tachometer has been incorrectly calibrated (this is difficult to prove).