Terrorism, in the broadest sense, is the use of violence and fear to achieve an ideological end. The term is used primarily to refer to intentional violence in peacetime or in the context of war against non-combatants (primarily civilians and neutral military personnel). The terms “terrorist” and “terrorism” to refer to terrorism that originated during the French Revolution in the late 18th century but became widely used worldwide and gained global attention in the 1970s during the conflict. Northern Ireland, the Basque conflict, and the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. The increased use of suicide attacks from the 1980s onwards is typified by the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States.
In the international community, terrorism has no clear legal or criminal definition. The general definition of terrorism refers only to acts of violence that are intended to create fear (terrorism). created for a religious, political or ideological goal; and deliberately targeting targets or with no regard for the safety of defenseless persons (for example, neutral civilian personnel or civilians). Some definitions of terrorism now include illegal acts of violence and war.
The word “terrorism” is heavily political, psychological, and controversial, and this makes it very difficult to provide an exact definition. A study of political terrorism that examined more than 100 definitions of “terrorism” found 22 distinct defining elements (e.g., violence, force, fear, intimidation, discrimination). target victim). In some cases, the same armed group may be described by their supporters as “freedom fighters”, while their opponents see them as terrorists.
The concept of terrorism can be controversial because it is often used by government agencies (and state-supported individuals) to undermine the legitimacy of opponents, and potentially legitimize the practice of terrorism. use of the state’s own armed forces against an opponent (these are forces that may be described by the opponent of the state as “terrorist”). At the same time, the opposite can also take place. when states commit or are accused of committing state terrorism.